" Toys are fun, but toys are also tools that help children learn about themselves and the world around them. Play is critical to the healthy growth and development of children. As children play, they learn to solve problems, to get along with others and to develop the fine and gross motor skills needed to grow and learn. Hospital staff often used play as a means of providing therapy to children. These skills grow as the child plays. As a result, children learn the roles and rules of society."
Restricted play skills can hinder the development of common tools needed to perform independently and build to peer relationships. This study sought to improve the independent performance of preschoolers with autism during playtime using different strategies. To determine the effectiveness of each strategy they used multiple baselines across subjects. Each strategy, consisted of correspondence training and activity schedules.
On-task behavior and experimenter prompts were measured using partial-interval recording, while on-schedule behavior was measured by a frequency count. They also measured procedural integrity and social validity. Results showed that all four preschoolers on-task and play correspondence behavior increased, while the experimenter’s prompts gradually decreased.
Journal of Early Intervention, 2002 Vol. 25, No. 1, 58–72Copyright 2002 by the Division of Early Childhood, Council for Exceptional Children
Rebeca S. Morrison, Diane M. Sainato, Delia Benchaaban & Sayaka Endo
The Ohio State University
"It seems that for success in science or art, a dash of Autism is essential"
- Hans Asperger
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